Classic History Books

W.T. Massey - How Jerusalem Was Won. Allenby's Campaign in Palestine

having registered on certain points. The Bucks Hussars, in column of squadrons extended to four yards
interval, advanced at a trot from the wadi, which was 3000 yards distant from the ridge which was their

objective. Two machine guns were attached to the Bucks and two to the Dorsets, and the other guns

under Captain Patron were mounted in a position which that officer had chosen in the wadi El Ghor from

which they could bring to bear a heavy fire almost up to the moment the Bucks should be on the ridge.

This machine-gun fire was of the highest value, and it unquestionably kept many Turkish riflemen

inactive. 'B' squadron under Captain Bulteel, M.C., was leading, and when 1000 yards from the objective

the order was given to gallop, and horses swept over the last portion of the plain and up the hill at a

terrific pace, the thundering hoofs raising clouds of dust. The tap-tap of machine guns firing at the

highest pressure, intense rifle fire from all parts of the enemy position, the fierce storm of shells rained

on the hill by the Berks battery, which during the charge fired with splendid accuracy no fewer than 200

rounds of shrapnel at a range of 3200 to 3500 yards, and the rapid fire of Turkish field guns, completely

drowned the cheers of the charging yeomen. 'C' squadron, commanded by Lord Bosebery's son, Captain

the Hon. Neil Primrose, M.C., who was killed on the following day, made an equally dashing charge and

came up on the right of 'B' squadron. Once the cavalry had reached the crest of the hill many of the Turks

surrendered and threw down their arms, but some retired and then, having discovered the weakness of the

cavalry, returned to some rocks on the flanks and continued the fight at close range. Captain Primrose's

squadron was vigorously attacked on his left flank, but Captain Bulteel was able to get over the ridge and

across the rough, steep eastern side of it, and from this point he utilised captured Turkish machine guns

to put down a heavy barrage on to the northern end of the village. 'A' squadron under Captain Lawson

then came up from Yebnah at the gallop, and with his support the whole of the Bucks' objectives were

secured and consolidated.

The Dorset Yeomanry on the left of the Bucks had 1000 yards farther to go, and the country they
traversed was just as cracked and broken. Their horses at the finish were quite exhausted. At the base of

the hills Captain Dammers dismounted 'A' squadron, which charged on the left, and the squadron fought

their way to the top of the ridge on foot. The held horses were caught in a cone of machine-gun fire, and

in a space of about fifty square yards many gallant chargers perished. 'B' squadron (Major

Wingfield-Digby) in the centre and 'C' squadron (Major Gordon, M.C.) on the right, led by Colonel Sir

Randolf Baker, M.P., formed line and galloped the hill, and their horse losses were considerably less than

those of the dismounted squadron. The Berks Yeomanry moved to the wadi El Ghor under heavy

machine-gun and rifle fire from the village and gardens on the west side, and two squadrons were

dismounted and sent into the village to clear it, the remaining squadron riding into the plain on the

eastern side of the ridge, where they collected a number of stragglers. Dotted over this plain were many

dead Turks who fell under the fire of the Machine-Gun Squadron while attempting to get to Ramleh. The

Turkish dead were numerous and their condition showed how thoroughly the sword had done its work. I

saw many heads cleft in twain, and Mughar was not a sweet place to look upon and wanted a good deal

of clearing up. The yeomanry took 18 officers and 1078 other ranks prisoners, whilst fourteen machine

guns and two field guns were captured. But for the tired state of the horses many more prisoners would

have been taken, large numbers being seen making their way along the red sand tracks to Ramleh, and an

inspection of the route on the morrow told of the pace of the retirement brought about by the shock of

contact with cavalry. Machine guns, belts and boxes of ammunition, equipment of all kinds were strewn

about the paths, and not a few wounded Turks had given up the effort to escape and had lain down to die.

The casualties in the 6th Mounted Brigade were 1 officer killed and 6 wounded, 15 other ranks killed and
107 wounded and 1 missing, a remarkably small total. Among the mortally wounded was Major de


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